India Snapshot


Official Name of Country

Republic of India

Capital City

New Delhi


Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government


1,220,800,359 (July 2013 est.)

Labor Force (Population)

487 Million (2013)

Median Age

27 (2014 Est)

Official Language



Shri Pranab Mukherjee

Prime Minister

Narendra Modi


3.3 Million km²


21.7679° N 78.8718° E

Time Zone

GMT +5:30

Neighboring Countries

Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north; Myanmar to the east; and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Major Cities (Population)

Mumbai (12.5 million), Delhi (11 million), Chennai (8.7 million), Bangalore (8.4 million), Hyderabad (6.8 million) (2011)


The climate of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon one. But, in spite of much of the northern part of India lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has a tropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures and dry winters. There are four seasons - winter (December-February), (ii) summer (March-June), (iii) south-west monsoon season (June-September), and (iv) post monsoon season (October- November)

Telephone Code


Country Code Top-Level Domain


Electricity Voltage

230 V, 50 Hz


Indian Rupee (INR)

Financial Center



USD 1876.8 billion (2013)

GDP Per Capita

USD 1165 (2013)

Exports Value

USD 329.5 billion (2014-15)

Imports Value

USD 39.45 billion (2013)

Tourism Revenue

USD 18.44 billion (2013)

Tourist Number

6.97 million (2013)

Foreign Direct Investment

USD 28 billion (2013)

Number of Companies with Foreign Capital

3254 (2013)

Inflation Rate

9.23% (CPI-2013)

Major Exports Markets

UAE ($36.2bn); China ($13.5bn); USA ($36.1bn); S. Arabia ($9.7bn); Singapore ($13.6bn); Hong Kong ($12.2bn); Germany ($7.2bn)

Major Imports Sources

China, UAE, USA, Saudi Arabia

Trade Agreements

US, Bangladesh, Ceylon. Korea, Maldives, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Russia, Vietnam, Ecuador, Costa Rica

Traffic Flow


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